HISTORY of BRITTANY
Celtic Armoric (Armorique in French)
At the time of the Gaul conquest by Rome,
current Brittany bore the name of Armorique: in Latin Aremorica or
Armorica. Its inhabitants were the Armorican ones. This Gallic name
designates the people which live close (are) sea (mor). For Jules
César, Armorique also includes the current Normandy: it is
the area of the edge of sea, from the Loire to the Seine.
West Harmoric was inhabited by five Gallic people. At the end of the third century, the Armorican must face Saxon and frank raids. Then, the cities are strengthened; Carhaix and Corseul lose their statute of chief town, with the profit of Brest and Alet (close to Saint-Malo), where one builds citadels for better defending the littoral. It is at that time that the name of the chief towns takes those of their people. Thus, Vannes, Nantes, Rennes and Corseul take their name from Gallic people.
Harmonic becomes Brittany
Brittany indicated at the Roman time, the current United Kingdom.
And the Breton designated the Celtic inhabitants of the island of
Brittany. In 410, Rome gives up Brittany; it needs all its resources
to protect the border from the Rhine. After the invasion, to the east,
Angles and the Saxon ones, Germanic people, in the island of Brittany,
and also the west, of the Irishmen, Breton (primarily of Cornwall
and Wales) crossed the English Channel to settle in Harmonic.
In old French, Bret indicates Breton (and Breton, in the plural)
Brittany or Létavie
The Breton also bore in the Middle Ages the name of Litavii then Letavii, from which comes the name of the country Letavia (Létaviens, Létavie). This name disappeared in the XIIth century, but it is preserved in Welsh: Brittany bears the name of Llydaw today. The Welsh have, at the same time abandoned the name of Brython for that of Cymro (from kom-brogos, compatriot)
Tro Breiz: the Turn of Brittany
With the arrival of the Celts from the other side of the channel, Brittany also became Christian. In the Middle Ages, the great pilgrimage of Breton, it is Tro Breiz (Turn of Brittany) in homage to the 7 saints founders of Brittany. The most important pilgrimage is the one of Sainte-Anne d' Auray. Anne, the mother of Marie and grandmother of Jesus, is the holy owner of Brittany...
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